October 1, 2018

Survivors guard rubble of tsunami town

Survivors guard rubble of Indonesian tsunami town Image copyright JEWEL SAMAD For hundreds of metres stretching away from the ocean is a mass of rubble made up of broken concrete, mashed homes and fishing boats turned upside down. Emanating from this rubble is a stench we could not identify until we went to a medical clinic where bodies were lined up. The strength of the tsunami that struck after the magnitude 7.5 earthquake hit on Friday is evident not just from the tell-tale stink of death but from the sheer visual scale of the destruction. Dotted about on top of this rubble are the survivors of a horrifying ordeal: some of them waiting and hoping for relatives to turn up and others just guarding what remains of their homes. We saw one body on top, which people had simply covered with a corrugated iron sheet. What many have had in common so far is a desire to talk; they want to describe how it happened so quickly, how they lost absolutely everything and in such detail that it comes..
October 1, 2018

Landmark cancer therapy wins Nobel prize

Landmark cancer therapy wins Nobel prize Image copyright SPL Two scientists who discovered how to fight cancer using the body's immune system have won the 2018 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine. The work by James P Allison, from the US, and Tasuku Honjo, from Japan, has led to treatments for advanced, deadly skin cancer. Immune checkpoint therapy has revolutionised cancer treatment, said the prize-giving Swedish Academy. Experts say it has proved to be "strikingly effective". Allison, a professor at the University of Texas, and Honjo, a professor at Kyoto University, will share the Nobel prize sum of nine million Swedish kronor - about $1.01 million or 870,000 euros. Treating the untreatableOur immune system protects us from disease, but it has built in safeguards or to stop it from attacking our own tissue. Some cancers can take advantage of those "brakes" and the dodge attack too. Allison and Honjo discovered a way to unleash our immune cells to attack tumours by turn..
October 1, 2018

Indonesia earthquake and tsunami: Dead buried in mass grave

Indonesia earthquake and tsunami: Dead buried in mass grave Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionIndonesia quake looter: "We need to eat" Volunteers have begun burying victims of Indonesia's deadly earthquake and tsunami in a mass grave. The disaster devastated swathes of Sulawesi island and has left at least 844 people dead. Four days after the natural disaster hit, some remote areas have yet to be contacted. A lack of heavy lifting equipment is hampering rescuers' attempts to reach people who remain alive in the ruins of collapsed buildings. Dozens of people are feared to be underneath the rubble of one hotel alone, the Roa-Roa in the devastated coastal resort of Palu. Air traffic controller hailed as quake hero In pictures: Search for survivors "Communication is limited, heavy machinery is limited... it's not enough for the numbers of buildings that collapsed," said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, spokesman for the National Disaster Mitigation Agency. Yenn..
October 1, 2018

Koreas begin clearing landmines from heavily fortified border

Koreas begin clearing landmines from heavily fortified border Image copyright Getty Images Image caption The border area between North and South Korea is heavily mined and fortified with barbed wire Troops from North and South Korea have started removing some of the more than 800,000 landmines buried along their border, officials say. In the South, clearing has started at the heavily fortified Joint Security Area (JSA) in the village of Panmunjom. Mines will also be removed from a separate site where hundreds of soldiers were killed in the Korean war. The move was agreed when the leaders of the two Koreas, Kim Jong-un and Moon Jae-in, met last month in Pyongyang. All landmines in the JSA, which is the only portion of the Demilitarised Zone (DMZ) where forces stand face-to-face, are expected to be removed by military personnel within the next 20 days, South Korea's defence ministry said in a statement on Monday. When the work is completed, guard posts and weapons will also be rem..
September 30, 2018

Indonesia air traffic controller hailed a hero for quake actions

Indonesia air traffic controller hailed a hero for quake actions Image copyright Twitter/AirNav Image caption Mr Agung died before he could be transferred to a specialist hospital An Indonesian air traffic controller has been hailed a hero after losing his own life while ensuring a passenger plane got away from a deadly earthquake. Anthonius Gunawan Agung, 21, was at the control tower of Palu airport in central Sulawesi when the 7.5 magnitude quake struck on Friday. He waited until the plane was airborne before jumping from the control tower. He died before he could be transferred to a specialist hospital. "Agung dedicated himself to his job until the end of his life and did not leave the control tower until the plane took off," Didiet KS Radityo, the corporate secretary for Air Navigation Indonesia, told the Jakarta Post. Mr Agung was giving clearance to a Batik Air plane to take off when the earthquake struck. Dozens feared trapped under quake rubble In pictures: Search for Indon..
September 30, 2018

China Uighurs: All you need to know on Muslim ‘crackdown’

China Uighurs: All you need to know on Muslim 'crackdown' Image copyright Getty Images Image caption A Muslim man leads the call to prayer in China's Xinjiang province in 2008 China is facing growing criticism over its persecution of some Muslim minority groups, huge numbers of whom are allegedly being held in internment camps. In August, a UN committee heard that up to one million Uighur Muslims and other Muslim groups could be being detained in the western Xinjiang region, where they're said to be undergoing "re-education" programmes. The claims were made by rights groups, but China denies the allegations. At the same time, there's growing evidence of oppressive surveillance against people living in Xinjiang. We've developed this new format to try and explain the story to you better.
September 30, 2018

Prehistoric art hints at lost Indian civilisation

Prehistoric art hints at lost Indian civilisation Image copyright BBC Marathi The discovery of rock carvings believed to be tens of thousands of years old in India's western state of Maharashtra has greatly excited archaeologists who believe they hold clues to a previously unknown civilisation, BBC Marathi's Mayuresh Konnur reports. The rock carvings - known as petroglyphs - have been discovered in their thousands atop hillocks in the Konkan region of western Maharashtra. Mostly discovered in the Ratnagiri and Rajapur areas, a majority of the images etched on the rocky, flat hilltops remained unnoticed for thousands of years. Image copyright BBC Marathi Most of them were hidden beneath layers of soil and mud. But a few were in the open - these were considered holy and worshipped by locals in some areas. The sheer variety of the rock carvings have stunned experts - animals, birds, human figures and geometrical designs are all depicted. The way the petroglyphs have been d..
September 30, 2018

Indonesia earthquake: Dozens feared trapped under quake rubble

Indonesia earthquake: Dozens feared trapped under quake rubble Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionRescuers have been digging by hand in the search for survivors Dozens of people are thought to be trapped under the rubble of buildings in the Indonesian city of Palu following an earthquake and tsunami. Rescuers are awaiting heavy machinery to search the ruins of a hotel and a shopping centre as aftershocks made it unsafe for them to go in. They have been getting water and food to some of those trapped, who have been screaming for help to get out. The quake and tsunami killed at least 832 people, officials say. In pictures: Search for survivorsThe national disaster agency has announced plans for mass graves and one that was being dug on Sunday night is expected to hold at least 300 bodies. Indonesian President Joko Widodo visited the region to urge a "day and night" effort to rescue survivors. Patients and corpses side by sideBy Rebecca Henschke, BBC News, Palu L..
September 30, 2018

Powerful Typhoon Trami hits Japan, injuring dozens

Powerful Typhoon Trami hits Japan, injuring dozens Image copyright EPA Image caption The typhoon first hit the southern island of Okinawa, where 40 people were injured A powerful typhoon is battering Japan, causing widespread travel disruption. Typhoon Trami made landfall on Sunday at 20:00 local time (11:00 GMT) near the western city of Osaka, with gusts of up to 216 km/h (134 mph). Many flights and trains services were cancelled as the storm moved eastward. More than 750,000 homes lost power. At least 84 people suffered minor injuries. The typhoon comes less than a month after the country's strongest storm in 25 years hit western Japan. Typhoon Jebi caused widespread flooding at least seven deaths in early September. Image copyright Reuters Image caption More than 1,000 flights were cancelled across Japan Image copyright EPA Image caption All train services are suspended at Osaka station Image copyright AFP Image caption Few people ventured out onto the streets in Tokyo Image c..
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